Developing policy recommendations from the ground-up by building the capacity of ethnic education entities and civil society organizations as policymakers, and enabling them to articulate their needs with respect to education in the ongoing national dialogue.
BACKGROUND: Education has a critical role to play in building sustainable peace in Myanmar. Education provides a pathway to prevent and mitigate violence and shape a culture of peace. However, education can also drive conflict when not delivered in conflict sensitive way. In Myanmar, there are issues that need to be addressed at the school/classroom level and at the administrative/systems level in order to make education a force for peace. At the school and classroom level, discrimination, biased curriculum, lack of intercultural competency and critical thinking, and ineffective teaching methods may create conditions that perpetuate conflict. At the administrative and systems level, there is exclusion and inequity in resources and management systems across a fragmented and complex arrangement of government schools, ethnic basic education providers, monastic schools, learning centers, education CSOs, and other non-formal educational organizations. In order to address these challenges, there is a need for all education providers to be supported by education policy that empowers them to deliver conflict sensitive and peace-promoting education.
OBJECTIVE: Develop an Education for Peace policy framework and implementation guidelines to make the Myanmar education system conflict
sensitive and to provide knowledge, skills, and attitudes that promote peace and national reconciliation.
APPROACH: The proposed project will consult with and bring together educational leaders, specifically education CSOs and representatives of
ethnic education departments. Baseline information will be gathered through initial meetings with CSOs and ethnic education providers. After the initial information gathering phase, Thabyay will convene a series of policymaking workshops to develop recommendations for a policy framework and implementation guidelines to promote education for peace and conflict sensitivity. The workshops will use participatory dialogue and consensus-based approaches to generate policy priorities. By starting the policy development process from civil society, the project will create channels for diverse voices to be represented and to provide a platform for an Education for Peace policy agenda with broad-based support. Thabyay will consolidate all of the workshop findings into a white paper with policy recommendations and implementation guidelines, which will be presented to the National Education Policy
The goal of the project is to strengthen a culture of peace and social cohesion in Myanmar through developing policy recommendations to mainstream Education for Peace into national education policy and strategy.